Oil and Water don’t mix! Therefore, water alone would not remove grease from someone’s head and hair. This is why we use shampoo with water to remove the grease and dirt.
Water is made from both Hydrogen and oxygen atoms (H2O). There is strong cohesion (sticking together) between water molecules, causing a skin like surface to the water. This is commonly known as surface tension and can be seen by the way water forms droplets and the way they pool together.
Shampoos are made from cleansing agents called surfactants meaning surface, active or agent.
When you apply a shampoo and water mix to the hair, you create lather. The hydrophilic head of the surfactant is drawn to the water, while the hydrophobic tail is drawn to the oil and grease on the hair and scalp.
The oil and grease contain dirt and skin particles. The lathering action of the “head and Tail” of the surface creates a push and pull effect on oil and grease, lifting it from the hair shaft. The more oil and grease there are to bond with the surface molecules, the less the shampoo will lather. This is why the second shampoo will lather more.
It is also important to consider the cuticle scales when disentangling the hair. The cuticles scales overlap each other and lie flat from root to point when closed. When detangling hair after shampooing and conditioning you should always use a wide tooth comb. Start at the ends of the hair in a downwards direction. Start each stroke further up so that you are working progressively up towards the root. This ensures that you work with the direction of the cuticle scales.
Our hair and skin are acidic and have a natural pH of 4.5-5.5. Therefore, the day to day shampoo that we use must be pH balanced to our hair and skin – also pH 4.5-5.5. This ensures that the hair and skins natural moisture is maintained, and the cuticle scales are closed.
Strong acids would destroy and dissolve the hair completely. Mild acids, which would cause the outer cuticle layer to shrink and harden while the body of the hair would swell and could eventually disintegrate.
Heat can also damage the hair structure. Water temperature affects the hair in a similar way to acid and alkaline products. Heat aids the opening of the cuticle scales and is often used to reduce the processing time of chemical services. Heat is used to open the cuticle scales during the penetration treatment so that the product can enter the cortex to strengthen the hair and aid repair.
All shampoo and conditioning products must be properly removed from the hair at the end of the process. If you don’t rinse out the shampoo or conditioner it could:
• create a barrier to further services
• cause irritation to the skin and scalp
• cause deterioration of hair condition
• have an unsatisfactory effect on subsequent services
• leave the hair dull, lank and greasy
Scalp Solutions are based in the North West region of the UK. However, even if you are not local to the area. then why dont you come and see some of the many attractions the area has to offer?
Why not spend the weekend in Blackpool? The Vegas of the north has something for everyone. Adult nightlife and some great fairground attractions for the whole family if you have children.
Just 30 minutes away is the Albert Dock at Liverpool. Here you will find lots of culture, Art galleries, The Beetles story and some of the best restaurant’s and bars around. There is no one more friendly than the scousers.
Go 40 minutes in the opposite direction down the East Lancashire road and you’ll find yourself in the Great City of Manchester. The home of some of the best music and of course football. With two of the worlds biggest clubs available for tours at Manchester United and Manchester City.
We offer packages if you are travelling and can sort out everything from transport to accommodation. Just ask when you are booking your free consultation.
So what are you waiting for? Come and see what the North West of England has to offer and leave with a brand new confidence, hair line and a new youthful look!